Teaching a group of students the internal crystaline changes of metals and fillers when welded at different amps and temperatures I would argue is best teacher-led learning as nothing can easily be seen, smelled or touched to identify the differences. Testing the results of various techniques and materials is a good exploration learning activity whereby some products will break, some will be damaged but repairable, and some OK. Comparing the bad results with possible ways the problems might have come about is a good student-led learning activity. Thus I would argue there is room for both types ... irrelevant of age, experience or learner type. Roland Baggott
Yes it is needed in the Arts Dept too. I agree with Theresa that it is about stage not age. Also, some students with learning difficulties and or low self esteem need more pedagogical strategies to start them off on a topic and further encouragement to go off on their own to research or practice more. Sometimes for them, they feel that they can't do it without the direct support however with time and introducing andragogical methods they slowly build confidence and independence. Yes both strategies are required in post 16 learning as long as there is an intended movement onwards to more independent andragogical learning in the end.