Shrum and Glisan (2016) distinguish two groups of learners who have special needs: (1) learners with special physical needs, and (2) learners with special learning needs, such as learners with learning disabilities, at-risk learners, gifted learners, and heritage or home background learners.


Based on the target group of learners for whom you were assigned to design and present an activity, think reflectively about the performance of your peer coach and provide her/him with some positive feedback as well as recommendations, which may help her/him refine her/his teaching practice. Your contribution should be approximately 350-400 words long.


In order to earn full credit for this blog, you must also leave at least two comments (100-150 words each) on your peers’ posts. Please take the time to read what they wrote – you’ll find that you often have similar reactions to the teaching experience, and can help one another a great deal through this first semester!




For personal blog: Thursday, November 15, 2018, 11:59 p.m.

For two comments: Monday, November 19, 2018, 11:59 p.m.

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During this teaching slice, Maria and I focused on coming up with a lesson that is designed for learners with special physical needs. In specific, my peer coach and I focused on designing a lesson plan that was designed and differentiated for hearing-impaired learners. We came up with two one-day lessons, one for general education students and another for hearing-impaired students. Maria did an amazing job helping me find a topic for our lesson. After finding our topic we both agreed on adding a lot of visual to fulfill our hearing-impaired learner's needs. Shrum and Glisan (2016) suggestion “Foreign language teachers of deaf students must think visually about their teaching” (p. 360). Therefore, we decided on providing our hearing-impaired students with vocabulary words that included images before showing them the video. Maria did an amazing job of finding two different videos for our lesson relating to winter clothing. The video intended for general education students was fast paced and straight to the point. While the video intended for hearing impaired students was slow pace, more detailed and appealing to the eye. Maria suggested we could use the same activities for our differentiated lesson plan however, we would just need to incorporate more visuals. I believe this is an amazing idea because this will help students with disabilities to feel a part of the lesson and classroom setting. Maria and I also agreed on having our student work in pairs, however, we would have to provide our hearing-impaired student with the extra support they might need. We did this by providing our student with images next to the true or false activity; therefore, our students with physical disabilities will feel a part of the lesson and not excluded.  Maria overall did an incredible job. She was very confident in what she presented and did a phenomenal job when explaining the reasoning behind every activity we chose. Overall, I believe Maria and I did a good job at designing a lesson plan that fulfilled a student with hearing-impaired needs while still having the student be a part of the lesson and not feel excluded. (352)

You and your peer coach Maria did a great job designing the lesson for students who are hearing impaired. The two of you understood that these students need to be addressed visually. The videos provided audio material as well. The activities that you presented had a lot of visual input to make it easier to respond. My only recommendation according to the reading would be that in the future, the seating arrangement needs to be taken into account. Since the hearing impaired need to read the lips therefore ideally they should be seated closer to the teacher. The two of you did a fantastic job one saw that the two of you worked in collaboration. (116)

You and Maria’s lesson centered on teaching students with special physical needs was wonderful. Your advanced understanding of students with physical needs as well as accommodations they must have for a productive learning environment was apparent not only to me but to the rest of the class as well. Your idea of creating two one day lessons: one for general education students and one for hearing-impaired students was inspired and well executed. Your use of visual aids paired with specific vocabulary words was a great way for students who were hearing-impaired to follow easily along with the lesson while making them feel included in the lesson. If I had to make one critique, it would be to add more visual aid options throughout the presentation. Other than that nice job! (word count 130)

Hello Briana,

One must say that the accommodations that were done for students with hearing impairment was excellently done. One was able to show lots of images for especially for students who need them, especially before showing a video. As one knows that before demonstrating a video to students, there is a pre-listening activity and it was well done. As you stated, using the activities that were done for the general education class, was a good idea to continue using them to create differentiation for hearing impairment students.  One must not forget that students with hearing impairment need more repetition, and therefore will need a little bit more time when doing each activity. (111 words)

The lesson that Margarita and I presented in the class was for Spanish 2 level and addressed to both general education (GE) and gifted and talented (GAT) students. The lesson shows how to differentiate between these two groups. The objective of the lesson was to identify different foods and meals of our Hispanic cuisine using the verbs gustar, ser, and tener in the simple present tense. My peer coach and I agreed to show the activity of the small hook for both groups altogether in the presentation phase. In the practice phase we divided the activity in two blocks, the first one for the GE students and the second one for the GAT students. For the GE students the questions consisted of five true and false statements and five multiple choice questions. For the GAT ones the questions were more challenging because they consisted of descriptive and meaning questions. For them we decided to give them these type of questions because they are more advanced learners. Let us clarify that these gifted students are not HLL. In the production phase, my partner and I divided this section again in two blocks: the first one for the GE students and the second one for the GAT ones. For the former the questions were simple looking for short answers such as ¿Qué postre te gusta? ¿Cuál es tu fruta favorita? ¿Qué comida prefieres?, etc. For the GAT however we ask them to write a recipe to make a delicious Mexican taco using six ingredients. The questions for them are more challenging. In this lesson we look for an equity and to balance the strengths and challenges of the students.  The GAT are exceptional students who need the special assistance of the teacher. The teacher should channels their high achievement capabilities such as  intellectual, creative, artistic, or leadership and use those capabilities to help other students and make the class more interactive and communicative. Gthe exceptionality of these gifted students is an asset for the classroom. Our presentation went well and we received a good feedback from everyone. Thank you Margarita for your willingness and your support.

(354 words)

You and Margarita did a fantastic job creating a lesson centered around teaching generally educated students and gifted/ talented students. It was apparent to me that you both had a vast understanding of the material. Your lesson was easy to understand and also fascinating. Your visual aid was lively and increased the overall value of your presentation. It was obvious that you both worked well together on the lesson and that this excellent teamwork was displayed positively in your final lesson. I hope that for future lessons related to this topic you do not forget to help the GE students feel appreciated and wanted in the classroom and not give all the attention solely to the GAT students. Nice work! (word Count 121)

The lesson which you and Margarita presented was perfect in every aspect. In particular, the activities chosen were clearly adequate for the two distinct situations. For the general education class the activities were indirect assessment, hence it created an easier task for students to develop. For the gifted and talented, the activities were open questions, direct assessment, hence more difficult compared to the general education tasks. The choice was a good demonstration since it was your targeted focus to address gifted and talented students who needed more challenges compared to general students. Each activity proposed reached the target for both students. The gifted and talented had the possibility to use creativity to respond to different questions posed and certainly it was a good experience since the gifted and talented can get bored if the activity level is not high enough to peak their interest. Simple activities such as fill the blanks or true/false would have been too bland for their expertise. (162) 

Creating a lesson plan for gifted and talented students is not as easy, as one might think. Shrum and Glisan (2016) identify gifted and talented students as possessing demonstrated or potential abilities that give evidence of high-performance capability in areas such as intellectual functioning; creativity; specific academic abilities; leadership and performing or visual arts. While my peer coach and I focused on creating an activity that allows gifted students to process important ideas at a higher level. One believes that this is an appropriate way to challenge students, as well as making them be critical thinkers. One believes that our main goal of creating an appropriate lesson plan for gifted students was well done, this is due to the excellent collaboration and communication that my peer coach and I have.

Having a collaborative relationship with a co-teacher is essential, in this case, my peer coach and I were able to design two lesson plans for both general education and gifted and talented student. Oscar expressed his concerns and ideas comfortably when creating both the practice phase and the production phase. However, one may say that we had difficulty when creating the presentation phase. One was not sure how to approach a perfect presentation phase to the gifted students. None the less Oscar made good points as to why the general education and gifted students should have the same activity. It was suggested that gifted and talented students should not be left out from the general education students, which was an excellent recommendation.

There are many ways that the topic of food could have been approached, especially during the practice phase. Shrum and Glisan (2016) highlight that gusted and talented students need some opportunities where they will take leadership roles. One believed that creating a more active activity, where gifted and talented students would fulfill the role as leaders, could have been an excellent way to involve the students in the classroom. However, since two peer coaches designed the lesson plan, it was a bit chaotic. Oscar and I both had the idea of creating a bingo game, where students would have been assessed based on the vocabulary that students had already learned. Although both of us had many ideas, one believes that we were able to make the appropriate accommodations for gifted and talented students. (387 words)

The lesson plan that you and Oscar designed, addressing gifted-talented clearly aimed to challenge students skills. The two of you wanted to take students skills to a higher level and this was successfully done. One needs to understand that gifted-talented students need acceleration when the instruction is provided.  The activities you provided focused on their readiness which is critical because these type of students they learn at a much faster pace. The most important part that your lesson had is that you promoted critical thinking. Maybe in the future, you should encourage them to do their own research or maybe a project since this could be a great way to challenge their skills. Excellent job as always! (119)

Hi Margarita, you and your peer coach Oscar did a terrific job with this teaching slice. One believes you had a challenging topic; however, you and Oscar were able to come up with the perfect activities that were differentiated for your gifted students. One appreciated the fact all the activities were different, especially since you focused on using direct assessment within your activities rather than indirect assessment. This promoted critical thinking which will help challenge your gifted students and give them the chance to be creative with their answers. Additionally, one was able to see the amount of effort and teamwork both you and your peer coach Oscar did. Keep up the good work! (114)



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